Dublin is the capital city of Ireland.
Its vibrancy, nightlife and tourist attractions are noteworthy, and it is the most popular entry point for international visitors to Ireland. As a city, it is disproportionately large for the size of the country ; well over a quarter of the Republic's population lives in the metropolitan area. The centre is, however, relatively small and can be navigated by foot, with most of the population living in suburbs.
Founded in 988, Dublin was originally settled by Vikings amongst a population of Celtic tribes. By the 14th century the king of England controlled Dublin and the nearby area referred to as “the Pale”. By the 17th century Dublin was the second great city of Britain only behind London and a period when great Georgian style building were constructed which still stand today. One event remembered as a key moment in Irish history is the Easter rising in 1916. A failed attempt to take over the several important buildings among them the General Post Office on O’Connell Street led to the arrest of hundreds and execution of 15 who were then considered martyrs for the cause. Many believe this event helped gain sympathy for the fight for independence from Britain.
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